Air pollution

Circular Economy

Climate Change

Biodiversity & Nature

Resilient Business & Society

Circular Economy

Steel

1. 71% of the iron-bearing material (IBM) required to make crude steel comes from iron ore, suggesting the potential for increasing scrap-use in the value chain. For instance, a 15% increase in overall steel production with increased EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) and IF (Induction Furnace) outputs will increase scrap consumption by 13.4% and lead to savings of 0.8 million tons of iron ore. This reduced extraction of virgin ore will lead to benefits in terms of reduced GHG emissions and improvements in air quality by the avoided processes throughout the life cycle, from extraction to end-of-life.
2. The study recommends a transition towards hydrogen-based DRI (H-DRI) technology. A complete transition to it would translate to savings of 17 to 19 MT of coal.

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Paper

1.In the pulp and paper industry, the scope for increasing efficiency in mills using recovered paper as the fiber source is significant. The paper industry depends heavily on imported waste paper: estimates from this study suggest that 32% of recovered paper demand is met by importing recovered paper.
2. The study recommends ensuring the standardization of the quality of the imported paper. It is estimated that it could cut the requirement by 0.86 MT (a reduction of 20% from current levels).

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About intervention

Recognizing the importance of data-backed policymaking, the Centre has recently completed a study on Resource Efficiency in the Steel and Paper Sectors: Evaluating the potential for Circular Economy. The objective of this is to assess the prospects of RE/CE and its benefit to Climate Change mitigation.
A systems-based Material Flow Analysis (MFA) tool was used to identify the scope for Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in the steel and paper sector. The project used a combination of first-hand data collection from manufacturing units, secondary data collection, and interaction with relevant industry stakeholders (from the two sectors). A paper based on the Report’s findings was presented by the Centre at the World Resources Forum conference held in Geneva on 23-24 October 2019.

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Publications

Resource Efficiency in the Steel and Paper Sectors

Increased global population, urbanization, and industrial productivity have led to increased material consumption. The Indian economy grew at a rate of 7.11% (in the period 2003 to 2017): rising populations and urbanization will cause the already high extractive pressure on natural resources to increase and reach unsustainable levels. There is a need for India to move away from the linear economic model of take-make-dispose, towards a circular economy (CE), a system that is restorative by intention and design. Resource efficiency (RE) and closing of loops (through re-use, re-manufacture, recycle, etc.) form the bedrock of a circular economy.

Indian Companies With Solutions That the World Needs: Sustainability As A Driver for Innovation And Profit

Finding solutions for the world’s most pressing problems is no longer the exclusive domain of governments, aid agencies and NGOs. This report explores how businesses can use drivers such as innovation and profits to tackle the twin challenges of poverty and climate change.

Resource Efficiency in the Steel and Paper Sectors

Increased global population, urbanization, and industrial productivity have led to increased material consumption. The Indian economy grew at a rate of 7.11% (in the period 2003 to 2017): rising populations and urbanization will cause the already high extractive pressure on natural resources to increase and reach unsustainable levels. There is a need for India to move away from the linear economic model of take-make-dispose, towards a circular economy (CE), a system that is restorative by intention and design. Resource efficiency (RE) and closing of loops (through re-use, re-manufacture, recycle, etc.) form the bedrock of a circular economy.

Indian Companies With Solutions That the World Needs: Sustainability As A Driver for Innovation And Profit

Finding solutions for the world’s most pressing problems is no longer the exclusive domain of governments, aid agencies and NGOs. This report explores how businesses can use drivers such as innovation and profits to tackle the twin challenges of poverty and climate change.